are many different species of tropical fish,
tropical fish are found naturally only in
warm water of at least 65 degrees. They
are found in warm countries like Florida
and the Middle east, these are the major
commercial breeding areas. As a beginner
you will need to gain some experience with
easy to look after and readily available
fish. There are many different types to
will need to find a good dealer, there are
good and bad one’s. First of all find
a dealer and go and see them, pick a quiet
time, maybe early in the morning in the
week. Talk to the staff with specialist
fish knowledge, explaining how you would
like to set up your aquarium. Be careful
that they don't just want your money and
sell you tank, equipment and fish and then
there is a marked lack of Interest. Take
your custom elsewhere. But if you find a
good dealer it is worth maintaining good
will. Visit whenever possible. As you pursue
your new hobby you may need extra knowledge.
You will never learn all there is to learn
about tropical fish and aquariums.
Creating a successful aquarium is not simply
a matter of filling a glass tank and adding
fish. First you must decide were you are
going to but the tank and what type of tank
you would like, there are hexagonal, rectangular
and corner tanks and tanks with cabinets
too. Also the size is another factor to
think about remember that you will need
at least 5ins (12.5 cms) to make room for
the lid. You should also make sure you put
the tank within sensible distance of an
electric point. The quantity of fish an
aquarium can take as a general guideline
you should allow 10 square inches (64sq
cms) of surfaces area per (2.5cms) of fish.
The weight of the aquarium must also be
taken in to account, a gallon of water weighs
4.55kgs or 10lbs so 228 litre aquarium can
way around quarter of a ton. Plus what types
of fish you would like.
are a huge variety of fish available, and
as a beginner faced with all these choices
it is just not possible because they may
not all be suitable for the aquarium. Some
may not be compatible with others. Some
will attack one another and some my need
different water temperature and conditions.
your Aquatic fish
First of all it is essential to find out
about each individual species before purchasing
them, to see if they are compatible with
your aquarium, here’s a few examples
of fish that you may buy.
or labyrinth fish
known as bubble nest builders, a large group
of tropical fish found in Africa and Asia.
Size's range from 1inch to 30ins (2.5 to
75cm) their diet: most can eat dried foods
but all like live and frozen foods, especially
when breeding some species build nests of
bubbles on the surface. Some produce floating
eggs and some protect their eggs in their
mouths. Problems that arise are with some
species who have long fins and are prone
to nipping by other fish. Some species like
the fighting fish can be very aggressive
and when males are put together they will
fight to the death. The males should be
taken away from the females after spawning.
fish Opaline gourami
fighting fish –female
These are very diverse species of fish found
in salt water as well as fresh water, but
are found manly in tropical fresh water.
All catfish have “whiskers”
which is were their name comes from. They
have sensitive taste organs to find food.
These fish have thick skin not scales or
bony plates, they are bottom dwellers and
many are nocturnal. Their sizes are 1inch
to 8 feet (2.5cms, there diet: is variable
they are regarded as scavengers which make
do with any food left by other fish, but
need nourishment with a correct diet. Breeding
is regarded as difficult, egg layers some
fish practice parental care of eggs and
at least one species is a cuckoo which substitutes
its eggs for those of mouth brooding cichlids
while they are spawning. You must be careful
handling these fish, they can become injured
when miss handled in the net so take care
and handle them with care.
large group of fish are from Africa and
central America some are shoaling species,
which is 6 or more they include hatchetfish,
pencilfish and tetras, headstanders and
piranhas. There water conditions require
harder alkaline and excellent water quality.
and tail light tetra
Green sailfin molly (male)
lyretail molly (female)
Filtration is an important element for good
water quality. There are various types of
gravel. This consists of a perforated
plastic plate on the tank bottom.
Box, external. A rectangular
plastic box with a number of chambers that
hangs on the out side of the tank and may
be electric or air powered.
internal. A small plastic container,
triangular or an upright cylinder, with
an air pump on the top of the plastic container.
Canister, external. An
upright cylindrical with filter media topped
by an electric pump. The water is passed
through the media and returned though the
Test kits. Are available
for measuring levels of the following in
Ammonia, Copper. Hardness. Nitrate. Carbon
Dioxide. Chlorine. Nitrite. PH.
exchange unit. These utilise ion
exchange resins to chemically alter some
are immersed in to the water and are made
lighting. consisting of one or
more fluorescent tubes. Which are inside
the hood of the tank.
Pendant lamps. and spot
lamps, are also available but require that
the tank be operated without a hood.
foods. – flake, granules,
foods. bloodworms, glass worms,
brine shrimps and daphnia. Dried tubifex.
Live foods. Live brine
shrimps, live bloodworm.
Feeding how much and how often.
When feeding your fish you should not over
feed them, feeding will vary from species
to species. In general you should feed them
small amounts two to three times a day rather
than one large one once a day.
fish do need décor some where to
hide. with out décor the fish will
become stressed. Before adding your décor
you should check for diseases before adding
them to an aquarium (i.e. cork bark, rocks.
as creature comfort aquatics we have a purpose
built shop that specializes in the sale
of tropical fish. These range from exotic
breeds to cold water. We also sell all products
associated with tropical fish, i.e. pumps,
filters, heaters, gravel etc. To complete
set-ups for the instant start up.
Price varies but below high street levels.